Owen Mark I Rifles and Firearms

Owen Mark I

 

Type Submachine Gun
Weight 4.22kg
Length 813mm
Barrel Length 247mm
Rifling 7 grooves, RH
Magazine Capacity 33 rounds
Caliber 9mm Parabellum
Cyclic Range 700 rounds/minute
Effective Range 70 meters
Where To Purchase Buy An AR-15
Country of Origin Australia

Manufactured from 1941-1945, the Owen submachine gun was designed by Australian Army Lieutenant Evelyn Owen. It was produced by Lysaghts Newcastle Works, Ltd., in New South Wales, Australia.

Australia had a shortage of weapons at the beginning of World War II’s engagement in the Pacific Theater, in 1941. They could not rely on England to supply arms, because that country itself was in a dire situation. The easiest weapon for Australia to produce—or any country with limited heavy industry—was a submachine gun. Australia produced two models—the Austen and the Owen. The Austen was a Australian variety of the British Sten Gun, with some features of the German MP40. The Owen was an original and unusual design.

When Lieutenant Owen first offered to the Australian Army in June 1939 in 22 caliber, it failed to get attention. At the outbreak of war, Owen left the designs of his submachine gun with a friend, who managed to spark the interest of the Army Inventions Board into asking Lysaghts, In January 1941, to manufacture a prototype in .32ACP caliber. The Australian Army was then awaiting supplies of the Sten, but after some delay decided to purchase 100 Owen guns in .38-caliber, the necessary design work being done by G. S. Wardell, chief engineer of Lysaghts. The first of these were produced in the August of 1941 but merely proved that the .38-caliber round was useless as a submachine gun round, and Lysaghts, on their own responsibility, changed the design to accommodate the 9mm Parabellum cartridge.

The prototype was tested against the Sten and the Thompson, and proved superior to both, and went into production. Due to a lack of machine tools, it was not until mid-1942 that full production of 2000 guns a month was attained, and thereafter production was held at this rate solely for tooling. The Australian Army wanted to purchase 60000 Owens, but the proposal refused by the Australian authorities since they could not find the necessary materials and machine tools as reported at http://ar15upperreceiver.net/the-best-ar-15-accessories/.

The most noticeable feature of the Owen (right) is its top mounted magazine. This requires that the sights of the weapon be offset to the side. The bolt of the Owen was encased in a separate compartment to keep dirt and grime from clogging the action. The ejector of this strait blowback weapon is build into the magazine rather than into the receiver. The remove the barrel of the Owen, the shooter pulls up on a spring-loaded plunger just ahead of the magazine housing. The bolt and return spring can then be removed out the front of the receiver.

It would be difficult to describe the Owen as anything but ugly, and at 10.5 pounds (4.76kg) loaded, it was no lightweight. However, it was one of the best-balanced and most reliable submachine gun of World War II. It was an ideal weapon for the harsh conditions of jungle-fighting. This was proven during World War II and later, in the 1950s, when England was fighting communist guerillas in Malaya. Among the commonwealth troops in that conflict, the Owen was preferred over the Sten, Sterling, and even the .45-caliber Thompson.

Approximately 45000 Owen Submachine Guns were produced in all. The later models, produced from 1943 and on were painted in jungle camouflage colors. Strangely, the last Owen Submachine Guns produced from mid-1944 were fitted with bayonet lugs.

And, why not read two soldiers’ view of this submachine gun? Read The Owen SMG in Vietnam and Experiences With The Owen.

*Photo courtesy of the Korean War: Weapons, History, Combat Pictures
Picture Thanks to G.M. Sherrington

Stop And Preventing Child Abuse

Stop child abuse, no one has to suffer for so long and endure the abuse. Neither they don’t have to suppress their feeling and live with guilt all throughout their life. Abused children have to be taught that it was not their fault.

That they should stop worrying and they should be taught about their rights. They have to move on and in order for the successful intervention of letting it go is that they should face it together with the help of their parents or someone whom they trust and whom they can rely on. It doesn’t matter the age either how young they are being abused. Child abuse often happens to younger children since the abuser knows they are too innocent and they don’t have the capability yet to know if it is right or wrong and more so young children don’t have the guts to say they are uncomfortable with the situation when they are being molested.

Every normal parent wanted to protect their children. They want to guide them in every situation and challenges in their children lives. Starting from a baby they make sure they will have good night sleep, breastfeed them and everything. When they grow we bought them toys, provide those good shelter and feed them and it doesn’t matter how hard we work as long as it is for our children. It’s so frustrating to think of those sacrifices you make for your kids without knowing some other low modest and irresponsible people will harm your child and causing them to get hurt. Sometimes with the anger, they felt it lead them to lose control wanting the abuser to be jailed and justice should be done. It is a normal response to act for every mother in that way. To stop child abuse, proper education to needed for every child. Child abuse is preventable there are ways to help stop abusing children.

Stopping child abuse can help stop crime, so the first thing to stop crime is to help stop abusing our children. It is a fact that more inmates are abused as children. A simple way to stop this is to stop abusing children.

Here are some of the ways to stop child abuse:

Each child has to be taught about right and wrong and must be taught about good touch and bad touch. No matter whom that person is close to a family, sibling or classmates, they should report it. Though they it is so controversy about the age limitation for the education about that certain topic but at the list, they should be taught a little or overview of a situation.

For every parents, teacher or babysitter they should have known proper communication technique. So the child can open up their feelings to them and that early detection of abuse is discovered.

To stop child abuse it is best to talk to their children more often. Talk to them and ask them about every single happening in that day. With that, it will become a habit to them to tell everything to you.